Adductor/Groin Muscle

As you may recall from our intro post on kinesiology taping, we’re going to focus on each muscle group/joint and show you how to use kinesiology tape in three distinct ways:

  1. Immediately after injury  (for swelling and pain)
  2. During the healing process (correction techniques to restore normal position and allow for healing)
  3. Techniques to help improve strength + function

In this post, we’ re going to be talking about a taping application designed to decrease the amount of pull along the inside of thigh where the adductors are located. This is perfect following an inner thigh/groin strain to provide support and allow for rest so that the injured muscle/tendon can heal.

Anatomy

There are three different adductor muscles (brevis, longus and magnus). They all share a common tendon that inserts onto the pubic bone and each then moves down the leg to insert on the femur (large, upper leg bone). To accurately tape these muscles you will need to be able to find them. Start by locating the common tendon. To do so, start by following the groin line (the white line in the picture above and the crease between hip and thigh) down and towards your pubic bone. As you do so, move your leg in and out from mid-line. You will feel the large common tendon as you move your leg in (it feels like a giant rope and is hard to miss!). From this common tendon you can follow the muscles as they move down the thigh. You can read more about the anatomy and surrounding muscles here.

What you will need:

1) Roll of kinesiology tape.

2) Sharpest scissors in the house.

Prep work:

1) Clean skin. This means no oils or lotions of any kind. You want your skin to be clean and more importantly dry. Moisture of any kind = tape will fall off or fail to stick altogether.

2) Hair care. Ideally, the less hair the better. Guys, this means that for best results you will need to trim any long leg hair or shave the calf area.

3) If clean, dry, and hairless skin still = no sticking of tape. Time to get some adhesive spray like Tuf Skin.

4) The tape should last 3-5 days. You can get it wet and shower with it on. Just towel dry it after. No hair dryer! The tape is heat activated. ;)

Taping Techniques

1) Inhibition technique for adductor muscle with correction strip.

Key Points:

  • Prep the skin first. For this application you will want to put the adductor muscles on stretch. To do this pull your knee up so that your foot is flat on the floor. Then drop your knee down to the side as shown in the video. Only move as far as you can comfortably.
  • The primary strip will be anchored just below the pubic bone on the common adductor tendon. From here, position your leg to put the muscle on stretch and then apply the tape. The tape works by pulling on itself and you have already put the muscle on stretch to do the work for you. If you are unable to move the muscle into this position, you may add a small amount of stretch to the tape.
  • A secondary correction strip can be applied to any specific sore spots. Cut the tape so that it is long enough to cover the painful area with 1-2″ of tape on either side (these are your anchors and must be applied without stretch). Round the edges, apply 50-75% stretch and place the tape. Then remove the paper backing and lay down the ends. Don’t sweat the 50-75%. Think medium stretch versus maximum “how far can I pull this tape” kind of stretch.
  • See the video above for full details.
  • For further instructions on how to incorporate kinesiology taping into your self treatment regimen click here.

References

1) Capobianco, Dr. Steven and van den Dries, Greg. (2009). Power Taping, 2nd Edition, Rock Tape Inc, Los Gatos, CA.

2) Hammer, Warren. (2007). Functional Soft-Tissue Examination and Treatment by Manual Methods, 3rd edition. Jones and Bartlett Publishers, Inc, Sudbury, MA.

3) Kase, Kenzo, Wallis, Jim, and Kase, Tsuyoshi. (2003). Clinical Therapeutic Applications of the Kinesio Taping Method.

4) Muscolino, Joseph. (2009). The Muscle and Bone Palpation Manual. Mosby, Inc, St. Louis, MO.